2019 Football Practice Test

Welcome to your LHSAA 2019 Football Practice Test

The final test will come from these questions. LHSAA test questions come from the NFHS Rules Book, including rule changes, Points of Emphasis and Fundamentals, as well as the Louisiana Mechanics Manual and NFHS Case Book.

NOTE: In the following questions, “A” refers to the team which puts the ball in play (Offense), and “B” refers to their opponents (Defense). “K” refers to the kicking team and “R” refers to the receiving team. “A1”, “A2”...etc., “B1”...“K1”...and “R1” are players of these teams. If team possession changes during a down, each team retains its identity. In a kicking situation, it is not during a try and no fair catch signal has been given unless so specified. Unless otherwise stated, acts occur while the ball is inbounds; a forward pass is legal; any out-of-bounds is between the goal lines; “line” means scrimmage line; reference to a foul is to a player foul which is not unsportsmanlike; there is no foul or change of possession unless so stated; penalties are considered accepted. Important: Answers to these questions should be selected based solely on the information stated therein.

1. A defensive pass-interference foul can occur only beyond the neutral zone and only in the direction of the pass. [7-5-10; 7-5-11c; Fundamental VII – 5]
2. A foul which occurs simultaneously with the snap is an act which becomes a foul only if and when the ball is snapped or free kicked. [2-16-2i]
3. During a 2nd down play in the 3RD period, the game clock goes directly from 02:45 to 00:45 and is not detected. Following 3rd down, time for the period expires. The error is discovered after the Referee declares the period officially ended. RULING: The timing error can be corrected until the ball becomes live in the subsequent period. [3-3-5; Case Book 3.4.8(b)]
4. A player who is attempting to pass is a runner until he/she gives up possession of the ball by passing. [2-32-11, 13]
5. Following the snap on a kick try or field-goal attempt, the offensive linemen “step down” and interlock their feet while blocking. RULING: Foul for illegal blocking . . . 10-yard penalty. [7-2-2, Penalty; Case Book 7.2.2]
6. The penalty for illegally kicking or batting the ball is has been reduced to 5 yards. [9-7-1, 2; Penalty]
7. A backward pass is a pass thrown with its initial direction parallel with or toward the runner’s end line. [2-31-5]
8. Any movement or shift by the offense that is designed to cause Team B to encroach is a false start. [7-1-7b; Case Book 7.1.7 A, B]
9. Following any kick return, Team R may request that the ball be placed anywhere between the inbounds lines (hash marks). [4-3-4, 5, 6]
10. During a kick, an offensive player may use his hands or arms to ward off an opponent who is attempting to block him. [2-3-4b]
11. The Head Linesman has general oversight of the line-to-gain and down-marker crew, and the primary responsibility for counting downs. [La. Mechanics Manual: VI – Play Responsibilities]
12. 4th down and 10 on Team R’s 45-yard line. K44’s punt is in flight when R50 blocks K62 below the waist at Team R’s 35-yard line. The untouched kick hits the ground in R’s end zone. RULING: Post-scrimmage kick enforcement applies. R will play 1st and 10 from its own 10-yard line. [2-16-2h; 2-41-6; 5-2-2a1; 10-4-3, 5d; Case Book 10.4.3 C]
13. An inadvertent whistle ends the down. [4-2-3]
14. Pass interference restrictions on a legal forward pass begin for:
15. On the kickoff, the ball bounces high near the sideline. R23 leaps from inbounds and grabs the ball while he is airborne over the field of play. R23 alights so that he lands on the sideline at Team R’s 15-yard line. RULING: [2-4-1; Case Book 6.1.9 A]
16. When weather conditions are construed to be hazardous to life or limb of the participants, the crew of game officials is authorized to make the decision on whether to delay or suspend the game. [3-1-5; Case Book 3.1.5 A, B]
17. Following any 4th down play, the clock shall be stopped. [3-5-9]
18. 4th down and 15 on Team K’s 30-yard line. R28 enters the game as the 12th player while K’s punt is in flight and blocks during the return. R15 catches the punt at R’s 35-yard line and returns to his 42-yard line before being tackled. RULING: Illegal participation foul on R28. The penalty is enforced from the post-scrimmage kick spot (R 35-yard line). Team R will put the ball in play 1st down 10 after enforcement. [2-30; 5-2-2a1; 9-6-4a; 10-4-3; Case Book 9.6.1 D]
19. If a loose ball goes into the end zone, the last player who touches the ball in the field of play is the one deemed responsible for forcing it across the goal line. [2-13-2]
20. Quarterback A10, under a heavy defensive rush in his own end zone, intentionally grounds a forward pass. RULING: Illegal forward pass. Safety whether or not Team B accepts the penalty. [7-5-2e, 3; 8-5-2c]
21. Chop blocks, clipping and tripping an opponent are illegal whenever and wherever they occur on the field. [2-3-8; 2-5-1; 2-45; 9-3-6; 9-4-3o]
22. Following Team R’s punt/kickoff return, the play clock will be set to 25 seconds and started on the Referee’s ready-for-play signal. [LHSAA Attachment A - 2f, g FAQs]
23. After the ball is ready for play, each player of A who participated in the previous down and each substitute for A must have been, momentarily, between the 9-yard marks, before the snap. [7-2-1; Case Book 7.2.1 C]
24. K15’s free kick is at rest at Team R’s 1-yard line when R20 muffs the ball trying to recover it. The ball then hits the goal-line pylon. RULING: Touchback. Team A’s ball at its own 20-yard line. [1-2-4; 2-24-2; 8-5-3a1; 8-5-4]
25. 4th and 10 with the nose of the ball touching Team B’s 20-yard line. A10’s pass is incomplete. RULING: The officials should move the chains, not the ball, so that the tail of the ball is touching B’s 20-yard line. [5-3-3b]
26. 1st and goal from Team B’s 7-yard line. The pylon is properly placed at the goal line when runner A39’s fumble deflects off the pylon and bounces back to Team B’s 3-yard line where A74 recovers the ball and carries it into the end zone. RULING: [1-2-4; 4-2-2b; 4-3-2; 8-5-3c, 4]
27. If a place kick is used for a try, it is a scrimmage-kick formation and the numbering exception may be used. [7-2-5b Except. 2; Case Book 7.2.5 F]
28. Team K is in punt formation on 4th down at Team R’s 40-yard line, using the numbering exception (not having 5 players on the line numbered 50-79). K players assume their initial positions with K25 to the left at tight end and K23 at left tackle. After the snapper touches the ball, K25 shifts back off the line uncovering K23. At the snap, K23 pauses, then goes downfield and catches a touchdown pass. RULING: Foul for illegal touching. Cancel the score. Penalize Team b 5 yards and loss of down from the previous spot. Team R will play 1st down and 10 from their 45-yard line. [7-2-5b Exception 2; 7-5-13 Penalty; 10-4-2b; 10-5-3; Case Book 7.2.5 E]
29. 2nd and 9 at Team A’s 30-yard line. A21 fumbles and the ball bounces high in the air. B42 leaps at the 38-yard line, controls the ball while airborne and lands touching the sideline at Team A’s 40-yard line. RULING: [2-36-1; 4-2-2b; 4-3-1; 5-1-3a]
30. 1st down and 10 at Team A’s 30-yard line. B70 is flagged for roughing the passer. B29 intercepts the pass, and fumbles on the return. A43 recovers and is tackled at his own 35-yard line. RULING: [3-4-2; 5-1-3d; 9-4-4, Penalty; 10-1-7b]
31. No foul causes a live ball to become dead. [2-16-4; Fundamental III – 2]
32. When the Referee calls for a measurement, the ball shall be placed with its long axis parallel with the sideline before the measurement. The play clock will be set to 25 seconds and started on the “ready”. [5-3-2; Case Book 5.3.2 A; LHSAA Attachment A - 2e FAQs]
33. A free kick may be made after a fair catch or an awarded fair catch. It can score a field goal. [2-24-3; 6-4 Table (Free Kick-2); 8-4-1a; Casebook 8.4.1 B(a, b)]
34. Team A runs the ball in to score a touchdown. RULING: The play clock will be set to 40 seconds and start when the covering official signals the score. [LHSAA Attachment A - 2b FAQs]
35. With the game clock running in the final seconds of a half, quarterback A17 takes the snap and legally “spikes” the ball to stop the clock. However, Team A did not have enough players legally on their line at the snap. RULING: The only applicable foul is for illegal formation. Penalize Team A 5 yards and start the clock on the snap. [3-4-3e; 3-4-4f; 7-2-5a, Penalty; Case Book 7.5.2 F]
36. When R24 gains possession of a kick, blocking below the waist by teammates becomes legal. [2-17-2; 9-3-2]
37. 2nd down and 10 at Team A’s 20-yard line. B55 fouls passer A11 by grasping but not pulling A11’s facemask. The pass is incomplete. RULING: Team A will play 2nd down and 5 at their 25-yard line. The play clock will be set to 25 seconds and start on the ready-for-play signal. [2-33-1b; 5-2-2b; 9-4-3h, Penalty; 10-4-2b; LHSAA Attachment A - 2b FAQs]
38. During the play, the Umpire notices that a player does not have the usual protrusions indicating that hip pads and tailbone protector are being worn. It is found that the player is wearing a manufactured girdle with closed cell “bubble type” protective padding that conforms and covers the hips and tailbone. RULING: There is no padding criteria listed for hip pads and tailbone protector. Therefore, the pads are legal. [1-5-1d1; Case Book 1.5.1 E(b)]
39. B36 intercepts a pass at his own 3-yard line. His momentum takes him into his own end zone, where he fumbles. B52 and A88 simultaneously recover the loose ball, which never leaves the end zone. RULING: [7-4-3c; 8-5-2a Except.]
40. A blindside block is a block against any opponent who does not see the blocker approaching and is legal if executed in the free-blocking zone or with open hands. [2-3-10; 9-4-3n; Case Book 9.4.3 W]
41. A scrimmage kick recovered in or behind the neutral zone may not be advanced by either team. [6-2-2, 3; Fundamental VI – 2]
42. Ineligible receivers may legally go beyond the expanded neutral zone on a pass play when the ball, which crosses the neutral zone, is in flight. [7-5-12]
43. On a kickoff, K41 executes a pop-up kick from his 40-yard line. RULING: The play is immediately whistled dead. K will re-kick from his 35-yard line or his 40-yard line if the distance penalty is refused. [2-24-10; 6-1-11, Penalty; Case Book 6.1.11]
44. It is legal for players to use completely clear or completely white tooth and mouth protectors as long as they protect and separate both biting surfaces. [1-5-1d5(a); Case Book 1.5.1 C(a)]
45. On 4th down in scrimmage-kick formation, Team A snaps the ball from its own 40-yard line. B56 charges directly into the snapper, knocking him down. RULING: Foul for roughing the snapper. If accepted, Team A will be awarded a 1st down, 15 yards in advance of the previous spot. [2-14-2; 9-4-6, Penalty; 10-1-7c; Case Book 9.4.6 B]
46. Players A22 and B31 jump up and possess a legal forward pass while airborne inside B’s end zone near the end line. They both come to the ground on their feet in joint possession inbounds in the end zone and then fall to the ground over B’s end line. RULING: Touchback for B. [2-4-3; 2-41-3; 4-2-2c; 7-5-4; 8-2-1; Case Book 7.5.4 A(b)]
47. Pass eligibility rules apply to all forward passes. [7-5-6]
48. It is legal for A1 to immediately return to the field and make a block or touch a pass after being blocked or pushed out of bounds by B2. [9-6-1]
49. Center A51 is just beginning his snapping motion when nose tackle B70 slaps the ball out of A51’s hands. RULING: Since A51 has begun the snapping motion, the official should throw the flag and allow the play to continue. A will have options after the down. [4-1-6; 4-2-1; 7-1-6b; Case Book 7.1.6 E(a)]
50. The penalty for targeting an opponent is 15 yards from the basic spot plus an automatic 1st down. The violator shall be disqualified. [2-16-2c; 2-20-2; 9-4-3m, Penalty; 10-1-7]
51. The manufacturer’s name and/or logo is the only commercial advertising allowed on the football. [1-3-1h]
52. A12 takes the snap and drops back to pass. Under a heavy rush he scrambles toward the line of scrimmage. His passing arm and 1 of his feet are beyond the neutral zone when he throws a forward pass to eligible A31. RULING: Foul for illegal forward pass. Penalize Team A 5 yards from the spot of the pass and loss of down. [7-5-1, 2b; Penalty; Case Book 7.5.1]
53. A football jersey must completely cover the shoulder pads and all pads worn above the waist on the player’s torso. [1-5-1b1]
54. Team A scores a touchdown during the last timed down of the 1ST period. During the successful 2-point Try, B58 is flagged for roughing the passer. RULING: The penalty will be assessed on the succeeding kickoff after the teams change ends. No extension of the period. [3-3-4a; 8-3-5b]
55. 1st and 10 for Team A from Team B’s 15-yard line. Runner A34 dives for the goal line at B’s 1-yard line. The ball in his possession crosses the goal line inside the pylon. A34 then contacts the ground out of bounds 2 yards beyond the goal line. RULING: [8-2-1a; Case Book 2.26.3]
56. A35 catches a long pass for a touchdown. He follows this with an excessive display of exuberance by spinning the ball and “shooting” the defensive players. RULING: Foul for unsportsmanlike conduct. Score the touchdown. Team B can choose to have the penalty enforced on either the Try or the subsequent kickoff. If A35 is charged with a 2nd unsportsmanlike foul, he will be disqualified for the remainder of the game. [2-16-2f; 8-2-1; 8-2-5; 9-5-1c, Penalty]
57. Unsportsmanlike-conduct fouls by players do not involve contact and accumulate toward disqualification. [2-32-1; 9-5-1, 2; Case Book 9.5]
58. A blindside block against an opponent other than the runner is legal if it is initiated within the free-blocking zone. [9-4-3n; Case Book 9.4.3 W, X]
59. During a try, it is possible for either team to score points. [8-3-3]
60. 4th and 5 yards to go at Team R’s 20-yard line. Holder K15 muffs the snap and the ball is loose on the ground at Team R’s 27-yard line. K44 kicks the rolling ball, which goes through the uprights. RULING: [2-24-4; 8-4-1b; 9-7-1, Pen.; 10-6; Case Book 9.7.1 A]
61. Defensive back B40, running alongside runner A24, reaches and grabs the collar of A24’s jersey and pulls him down forward in making the tackle. RULING: Legal defensive play. [9-4-3k; Case Book 9.4.3 M(d)]
62. On a kickoff, at the time the ball is kicked, at least 4 K players must be on each side of the kicker. [6-1-4; Case Book 6.1.4]
63. Team A fumbles and opposing players dive on the ball, attempting recovery. The covering official stops the game clock after which, Team A is determined to have recovered the ball beyond the line to gain. RULING: The Referee shall signal the first down and the 40-second play clock shall start immediately. [3-5-7b; 3-6-1a2; 5-1-3a; Case Book 3.6.1 F]
64. Each team must begin the game with 11 players but may continue with fewer if no substitutes are available to replace injured or disqualified players. [1-1-3; Case Book 1.1.3]
65. A25 is illegally in motion at the snap. Quarterback A19 throws a pass that is intercepted by B33, who returns it for a touchdown. RULING: [8-2-3]
66. B31 intercepts a pass and begins a return. B31 is pursued by A47, who cannot see B17 approach. B17 contacts A47 in the side with open hands below the neck and shoulders, above the waist. RULING: Legal contact by B17. [2-3-10; 9-4-3n; Case Bk. 9.4.3 W(a)]
67. 3rd down and 10 at Team A’s 35-yard line. Receiver A46 is running near the sideline as a forward pass reaches him. He tips the ball, steps out of bounds at Team A’s 48-yard line, returns inbounds, catches the ball and carries it across Team B’s goal line. RULING: [9-6-1, 2; 10-5-3; Case Book 9.6.1 A(b)]
68. Even though a non-scoring kick has been touched by R in the field of play it becomes dead immediately when it breaks the plane of R’s goal line. [2-24-2; 4-2-2d1; Case Book 6.3.1 A]
69. When the 40-second play clock is running, the ball becomes ready for play, and Team A may snap it, when an official places the ball at the appropriate spot between the hash marks and steps toward his position. [3-6-1b2; Case Book 3.6.1 Comment 1]
70. A foul that occurs simultaneously with the snap is an exception to the “all-but-one” penalty enforcement principle. [2-16-2i; Fundamental X – 3a]

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