2018 Football Practice Test

Welcome to your LHSAA 2018 Football Practice Test

The final test will come from these questions. LHSAA test questions come from the NFHS Rules Book, including rule changes, Points of Emphasis and Fundamentals, as well as the Louisiana Mechanics Manual and NFHS Case Book.

NOTE: In the following questions, “A” refers to the team which puts the ball in play (Offense), and “B” refers to their opponents (Defense). “K” refers to the kicking team and “R” refers to the receiving team. “A1”, “A2”...etc., “B1”...“K1”...and “R1” are players of these teams. If team possession changes during a down, each team retains its identity. In a kicking situation, it is not during a try and no fair catch signal has been given unless so specified. Unless otherwise stated, acts occur while the ball is inbounds; a forward pass is legal; any out-of-bounds is between the goal lines; “line” means scrimmage line; reference to a foul is to a player foul which is not unsportsmanlike; there is no foul or change of possession unless so stated; penalties are considered accepted. Important: Answers to these questions should be selected based solely on the information stated therein.

1) A1 throws a legal forward pass that falls incomplete. Immediately after the pass is released, B2 grasps but does not twist A1’s facemask.
RULING:
[9-4-3h; 9-4-4, Penalty]

2) A ball without any stripes is illegal even if both coaches agree to use it. [1-3-1c]
3) First touching of a kick by K is ignored if the penalty for a foul during the down is accepted. [5-1-6]
4) If a free kick, untouched by R or K, subsequently goes out of bounds at Team R’s 30 yardline, R will have an option to penalize K 5 yards from the succeeding spot and play 1st and 10 at their 35 yardline. [6-1-9b; Case Book 6.1.9 B(c)]
5) After the ball is dead, the umpire notices A10 is not wearing thigh guards or knee pads. RULING:
[1-5-4, 5; 3-5-10e]

6) With 04:35 remaining in the 2ND quarter the coach of Team B informs the Referee that his wireless headset is not functioning and he has no communication with his coaches in the press box. RULING: The Referee correctly rules that this situation does not come under the jurisdiction of the officials. [1-6-2; Case Book 1.6.1 B(b)]
7) A fumble is the touching of a loose ball in an unsuccessful attempt to secure possession.
[2-18; 2-27]

8) A blindside block is a block against any opponent who does not see the blocker approaching and is always illegal. [2-3-10; 9-4-3n]
9) All game-clock operators are required to have a count-down stopwatch in their possession for all games in the event of a scoreboard clock malfunction.
[La. Officials Manual: III – B “Clock Operators”]

10) 2nd down and 10 from Team A’s 30 yardline. A8’s forward pass is grabbed near the sideline at Team A’s 40 yardline by airborne eligible A28 who jumps straight into the air. B36 then shoves A28 so he lands out of bounds beyond Team A’s 42 yardline. RULING:
[2-4-1; 7-5-5; Case Book 3.4.3 C]

11) 1st down and 10 for Team A at their 40 yardline. Runner A31 is tackled by B52 at Team A’s 44 yardline. In trying to fend off the tackle, A31 grabs but does not pull or twist B52’s face mask. RULING: Face mask foul. Team A will be penalized 5 yards from the end of the run. [9-4-3h, Penalty; 10-4-4]
12) Following the snap on a kick try or field-goal attempt, the offensive linemen “step down” and interlock their feet while blocking. RULING: Legal. [7-2-2; Case Book 7.2.2]
13) Only 1 receiver may give a signal for a fair catch while any legal kick is in flight. [6-5-1]
14) Team K is in punt formation on 4th down at Team R’s 40-yard line, using the numbering exception (not having 5 players on the line numbered 50-79). K players assume their initial positions with K25 to the left at tight end and K23 at left tackle. After the snapper touches the ball, K25 shifts back off the line uncovering K23. At the snap, K23 pauses, then goes downfield and catches a touchdown pass. RULING: Foul for illegal touching. Cancel the score. Penalize Team K 5 yards and loss of down from the previous spot. Team R will play 1st down and 10 from their 45 yardline.
[7-2-5b Exception 2; 7-5-13 Penalty; 10-4-2b; 10-5-3; Case Book 7.2.5 D]

15) The game officials’ shall assume authority for the game 30 minutes prior to the scheduled game time or as soon thereafter as they are able to be present. This authority extends through the Referee’s declaration of the end of the 4TH period or overtime.
[1-1-7, 8; Case Book 1.1.7]

16) 1st and goal from Team B’s 6 yardline. The pylon is properly placed at the goal line. A33’s fumble deflects off the pylon and bounces back to Team B’s 2 yardline where A77 falls on the ball. RULING:

[1-2-4; 8-5-3c]

17) Prior to the snap, Team A is set for 1 second. Then QB A10 takes one full step forward and under the center to receive the snap. While A10 is moving forward, A33 goes in motion parallel with the line and is still in motion at the snap. RULING: Live-ball foul for illegal shift. [2-16-2i; 2-39; 7-2-6; Case Book 7.2.6 A]
18) The Referee is responsible for determining the legality of the kicking team’s formation on kick-offs. [La. Mechanics Manual: V – Free-Kick Responsibilities]
19) With 00:10 remaining in the 2ND period and the clock running, A10 takes a direct hand-to-hand snap from the center and fakes placing his knee on the ground, then sweeps around end for a touchdown. RULING:
[4-2-2a; 8-2-1a]

20) Following any kick return, Team R may request that the ball be placed anywhere between the inbounds lines (hash marks). [4-3-4, 5, 6]
21) On a kickoff, at the time the ball is kicked, at least 4 K players must be on each side of the kicker. [6-1-4; Case Book 6.1.4]
22) The snap ends when: [2-40-3]
23) If a foul occurs during a down, the basic enforcement spot is determined by the action that occurs during the down. [10-4-1]
24) 2 teammates who may legally block below the waist in the free-blocking zone against a particular opponent do so by charging at that opponent for a simultaneous block at or below the opponent’s knees. RULING: Illegal chop block.
[2-3-8; 9-3-6 & Table (Combination Blocks); Case Bk. 9.3.2 B(d)]

25) The basic spot of enforcement may, at the option of the offended team, be the succeeding spot for fouls by K during a free-kick or scrimmage-kick down (other than kick-catch interference) when K will not be next to put the ball in play. [10-4-2 Exception]
26) Illegal participation fouls by the receiving team occurring during the kick are now enforced under post-scrimmage kick (PSK) rules. [2-16-2h; 9-6-4a]
27) 1st down and 10 for Team A at their 20 yardline. Quarterback A10 drops straight back to pass under defensive pressure. B70 grabs the inside back of A10’s jersey and pulls backward bringing A10 to the ground at the 15 yardline. RULING: Illegal horse-collar tackle. The 15-yard penalty will be enforced from the end of the run. Team A will play 1st down and 10 at their 30 yardline. [2-33-2; 5-2-2; 9-4-3k, Penalty; 10-4-4]
28) Electronic communication devices, including electronic signage to signal plays or information from the sideline, may be used to communicate with players anywhere on the
field. [1-5-3c2; 1-6-1; Case Book 1.6.1 E]

29) Team A is attempting to set up a screen pass. QB A15 takes the snap and fades deep. A15 throws a forward pass to A40 who is still 5 yards behind the neutral zone. B32 tackles A40 before the pass arrives. B32 was making no attempt to play the ball. RULING: Foul for pass interference. Penalize Team B 15 yards from the previous spot and award Team A a first down. [5-2-2; 7-5-7; 9-2-3c, Penalty; 10-4-2b]
30) A player may be withdrawn and re-entered legally during the same dead-ball interval if the period ends during the dead-ball interval. [3-7-3]
31) With 00:55 remaining in the game, Team A has the ball and a 2-point lead. A67 holds during a run off tackle which ends inbounds. RULING: After penalty enforcement, Team B can choose to have the clock started on the snap. [3-4-7]
32) An inadvertent whistle ends the down. [4-2-3]
33) 3rd and 10 from team A’s 20-yard line. As time expires in the 2ND quarter, QB A8 scrambles to team A’s 23-yard line and throws a forward pass intended for eligible A44. B27 interferes with A44 and the pass falls incomplete. RULING: This situation creates a double foul, the penalties offset and the period will be extended to play an untimed down. [3-3-4b3; 7-5-2b Penalty; 7-5-7; 10-2-1]
34) The initial direction determines whether a pass is forward or backward. [2-31-2, 5]
35) A foul which occurs simultaneously with the snap is an act which becomes a foul only if and when the ball is snapped. [2-16-2i]
36) Pass eligibility rules apply to all forward passes. [7-5-6]
37) 2nd down and 10 for Team A. During the down, A76 held and B24 committed pass interference after which B38 intercepted and was immediately downed. RULING: This is a double foul. No options . . . Team A will replay 2nd down and 10 from the previous spot. [10-2-1b; 10-4-2b; Case Book 10.2.1 A]
38) Unless Team A is in a scrimmage-kick formation, failure of Team A to have at least 5 players on the line numbered 50-79 is a foul at the snap. [7-2-5b; Exceptions]
39) Blocking below the waist and blocking in the back are legal actions sometimes depending on when and where they occur but chop blocks and clipping are always illegal.
[9-3-2, 5; 9-3-6]

40) B26 intercepts a pass at his own 4 yardline. After running a few steps, he is hit and fumbles. The ball rolls back and hits the goal-line pylon which is properly placed. RULING:
[1-2-4; 7-4-4; 8-5-2B]

41) On 1st, 2nd, or 3rd down, only the snapper is exempt from the numbering rule in scrimmage-kick formation and he must be between the ends. At least 4 other linemen must be numbered 50-79 under such circumstances.
[2-14-2; 7-2-5b Exception 1; Case Book 7.2.5 A(a)]

42) A live-ball foul occurs during the down or the continuing action immediately after the down ends. [2-16-2a, d]
43) Team A scores a touchdown on the first possession of overtime. On the try, Team B is flagged for roughing the kicker. The kick is successful. RULING: The penalty is declined by rule. Team B will now start their series at the 10 yardline. [8-3-5; Casebook 8.3.5 A]
44) During close line play following the snap, legal contact by guard A65 causes defensive tackle B70’s helmet to come completely off his head. B70 disengages with A65 and pursues the runner several yards downfield. Offensive tackle A77 blocks B70 above the waist from the front. RULING:
[9-4-3l; 9-6-4g; 10-2-1]

45) K18’s punt is partially blocked in the neutral zone by R56. The kick goes beyond the neutral zone where R24 muffs it back behind the neutral zone. K44 recovers the ball there and advances across R’s goal line. RULING: Touchdown for Team K. [6-2-3,6; 8-2-1a; Case Book 6.2.3 A]
46) Penalties for dead-ball fouls are enforced separately and in the order in which they occurred. [10-2-5b]
47) 2nd down and 10 from Team A’s 30 yardline. Under heavy rush, QB A10 dumps a pass to A35 and is then roughed by B77. A35 is downed at A’s 28 yardline.
RULING: Penalize Team B from the previous spot and award Team A an automatic 1st down. [5-2-2; 9-4-4 Penalty; 10-5-5; Case Book 9.4.4 B(b)]

48) False starts, encroachment and snap infractions are always dead-ball fouls. [2-8; 2-16-2a; 4-1-6; 7-1, Penalty]
49) When the ball is loose following an illegal kick, it will always be treated the same as a fumble. [2-24-9]
50) A defenseless player is:
[2-32-16a, d, g]

51) The only defensive penalties which automatically grant a first down are roughing the passer, kicker, holder or the deep snapper in a scrimmage-kick formation.
[9-4-4, 5, 6, Penalty; 10-1-7]

52) Following any 4th down play, the clock shall be stopped. [3-4-4b; 3-5-9]
53) 4th and 10 with the nose of the ball touching Team B’s 20 yardline. A10’s pass is incomplete. The officials should: [5-3-3b]
54) If during a down in which time expires, K75 holds during a successful field-goal attempt, the period is automatically ended and the score is canceled. [3-3-3a]
55) A shift which is designed to cause Team B to encroach is a false start. [7-1-7b]
56) The pylon, when properly placed on the goal line, is out of bounds at the intersection of the sideline and goal line extended. [1-2-4]
57) An attempt by B players to interfere with A’s offensive signals prior to the snap is a live-ball foul. [9-5-1d; 9-5 Penalty]
58) Initial force results from a carry, fumble, kick, pass or snap. [2-13-1, 3; 8-5-1]
59) If a loose ball touches any player or game official who is out of bounds, the touching is ignored. [2-29-3; Case Book 2.29.3(c)]
60) 4th down and 10 on Team K’s 30 yardline. K16’s short punt is muffed by R48 at Team K’s 40-yard line. The loose ball rolls behind the neutral zone and is recovered by K32 at Team K’s 25 yardline. From there, K32 throws a forward pass intended for eligible K21 which falls incomplete. RULING:
[5-1-3f; 7-5-1; 7-5-5; Case Book 5.1.3 D]

61) If an obviously short field-goal attempt does not break the plane of R’s goal line, the ball becomes dead and Team R will play 1st and 10 from the previous spot. [2-10-2; 6-2-2]
62) A player with a legal, clear untinted eye shield properly attached to his helmet is detected wearing tinted eyeglasses (sunglasses). RULING: Legal equipment. [1-5-3c4 NOTE]
63) 3rd down and 10 on Team A’s 10 yardline. A11 pitches the ball backward to A22, who muffs the ball on Team A’s 3 yardline. The ball is lying motionless on the 2 yardline when B33 legally blocks A11 into the ball, causing it to go into the end zone then out of bounds. RULING: Touchback . . . A’s ball 1st down and 10. [2-13-1; 5-1-1; 8-5-3c, 4]
64) When weather conditions are construed to be hazardous to life or limb of the participants, the crew of game officials is authorized to make the decision on whether to delay or suspend the game. [3-1-5; Case Book 3.1.5 A,B]
65) K15’s field-goal attempt has a low trajectory and hits the back of K51 who is 1 yard behind the neutral zone. The ball caroms off K51 and subsequently goes between the uprights above the crossbar. RULING: The kick is good . . . count the score.
[4-2-2d2; 8-4-1b]

66) Illegal helmet contact is always deemed to be flagrant which mandates that the offender be ejected from the game. [2-16-2c; 9-4-3i NOTE; Penalty]
67) R29 catches a free kick at his own 7 yardline and returns it for a touchdown. As he nears the goal line, R29 turns and taunts the nearest pursuer. R29 scores, but before he crosses the goal line, he is flagged for unsportsmanlike conduct. RULING:
[8-2-4; 9-5-1a; 10-4-5a]

68) The Referee decides whether the game ball meets rule specifications and judges its fitness for play. [1-3-3; Case Book 1.3.2 D]
69) An illegal forward pass is considered to have occurred during a running play. [2-33-1b,2; 10-3-1,2]
70) 4th down and 10 from Team K’s 5 yardline. At the snap, Team K is flagged for illegal formation. K1’s punt is blocked and the ball rolls out of the back of Team K’s end zone. RULING: Team R can keep the 2 points for the safety and have the penalty enforced on the succeeding kickoff. [2-16-2i; 8-5-2b; 10-4-2a]

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